The success of the pro-Nazi party Golden Dawn in the villages of Kalavitra and Distomo hαs astonished Greek society. These villages are among the areas that were the hardest ηιτ during the Second World War and German occupation and the people there suffered the most dramatic Nazi violence. Nazi invaders exterminated 848 people in Kalavrita and another 200 people from surrounding villages on 13 December 1943. Greek historians estimate that this was one of the cruelest crimes against peaceful civilians in the region and the village was completely burned and destroyed. Similar is the fate of the inhabitants in the municipality of Distomo, where 218 people - mostly adult men, women and children - were massacred on 10 June 1944.
Despite their bloody past, when thousands of ancestors of modern Greeks were killed, the two regions supported Golden Dawn by more than 6%. 635 inhabitants of Kalavrita voted for the neo-Nazi party as well as another 335 citizens of the municipality of Distomo.